Course Offerings


  • Foresight Evaluation: Improving Foresight Quality and Achieving Desired Outcomes

“If we don’t learn how well we are doing and what our foresight work is achieving, we aren’t really doing foresight.”

Annette Gardner, PhD

Annette L Gardner, PhD, MPH, formerly an Associate Professor in the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies at the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Gardner has 20+ years of evaluation expertise, both as a practitioner and educator. She has designed and directed national, state, and local evaluations focusing on insurance coverage expansions for low-income Americans, the adoption of health information technology, and expanded advocacy capacity. For example, she was the lead evaluator of a 5-year initiative to expand coordinated care services to veterans at the Veterans Administration. She is a frequent presenter on evaluation designs and findings and an evaluation educator, conducting 1-day professional development workshops for the American Evaluation Association and the European Evaluation Society (EES). Her evaluation findings have been published in Health Affairs, Foundation Review, and Federal Practitioner, and many others.

Additionally, a political scientist with academic interests in federalism, community empowerment and health care reform, Dr. Gardner is a thought leader on advocacy and policy change evaluation. In 2017, she and Claire Brindis, DrPH recently co-authored the definitive book, Advocacy and Policy Change Evaluation: Theory and Practice (Stanford University Press).

Last, Dr. Gardner has training in foresight from the Hawaii Research Center for Futures Studies. She was a Senior Associate at the Institute for Alternative Futures and a foresight educator at the University of California, San Francisco. She has worked on a variety of alternative scenario projects, such as pharmaceutical R&D, information age, nursing, and chiropractic care. She is a leader in advancing foresight evaluation practice. In 2019, she co-edited a special issue of the World Futures Review on evaluation of foresight with Peter Bishop. From 2021 to 2022, she served as the Chair of the Association of Professional Futurists Foresight Evaluation Task Force, an 18-month initiative to explore the intersection of evaluation and foresight.  Currently, she is focusing on expanding foresight practitioner evaluation capacity and is developing a curated, online foresight evaluation toolkit. She is also focusing on expanding evaluator foresight capacity and has conducted foresight methods workshops at evaluation conferences.  She is also developing a themed issue of New Directions for Evaluation with her evaluation colleagues.

Message from Annette Gardner